What are peppercorns?
Peppercorns are the fruit of the pepper plant. They are native to South Asia. Pepper grows on vines with stems and hang like small grapes. The fruit can be harvested at different times to produce different types of pepper products.
What is black pepper?
Black pepper is made by harvesting the under-ripe green fruit and drying. The skins turn black and this creates what we know as the whole black peppercorn.
What is white pepper?
White pepper is created by harvesting the fruit when fully ripe then soaking to remove the skins. The fruit is then dried to create the white peppercorn.
What is green pepper?
Green pepper is created by harvesting the green fruit and eating fresh or by preserving in brine, pickling or canning to retain the green colour.
What is red pepper?
Red peppercorns are created by harvesting the ripe red fruit and eating fresh or by preserving in brine, pickling or canning to retain the red colour. They shouldn’t be confused with dried Pink or Sichuan peppercorns.
What are pink and Sichuan peppercorns?
Pink peppercorns and Sichuan peppercorns are not closely related to the pepper plant. Pink are native to South America and Sichuan to South East Asia, North India and China.
Can I substitute the pepper in this recipe?
To give the most authentic flavour, you should use the widely available black pepper. White pepper is milder, so you may want to experiment with that too.